IMPROVED CULTIVATION AND ADVANCED RETTING EXERCISE (JUTE I-CARE)

There is need for concerted efforts to reduce the costs of jute growing while improving the productivity Project Jute: Improved Cultivation And Advanced Retting Exercise (Jute I-Care) with echn.ical the and fibre quality for better price realization and value addition. The proposed project aims at T Improvement in jute farming in a farmer-friendly way and accelerated retting using microbial consortium for improved income for jute farmers. For this purPose Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India introduced participation of National ‘lute Board (NJB), The Jute Corporation of India Limited (JCI) & Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre (CRIJAF), Barrackpore with the objective of the project is to support the small and marginal jute growers with adequate pre and post harvesting operations so that they can grow good quality jute & receive higher price for their produce. The continuation of the project will also make the growers aware about the latest technologies in the country.
To institutionalize the use of scientific agronomic techniques and practices, which would be imparted to the jute growers, the following inputs shall be provided : 1. 100% Certified Seeds at subsidized rate. 2. Demonstration and distribution of Seed Drill, Nail Weeder/ Cycle Weeder for scientific jute cultivation with mechanical intervention. 3. Demonstration and distribution of Microbial retting using CRIJAF SONA, a microbial consortium to the farmers registered under Project I CARE.

Project hindrances & Impact:-There are two major variables a. Rainfall: Jute is a water intensive crop. Sufficient rainfall at intervals is required during jute growing season. Post harvest retting of jute also requires rainfall for adequate availability of water in canals, ditches, etc. in which jute is retted and washed by farmers. Shortfall as well as excess in rainfall in a jute season affects the production and quality of jute to a great extent. b. Farmers’ training: Most farmers follow age old cultivation practice and conventional stem retting with inadequate rating facilities. Farmers traditionally have not adopted scientific methods of cultivation and retting. Activities : 1. Selection of jute growers: Approx. 2 lakhs farmers registered under this project. 2. Training of farmers: 60 Nos. Of Master Trainers and 15 Block Supervisor have been provided training at CRIJAF for demonstration and field training to the farmers. 3. SMS: Bulk SMS are being sent to registered farmers regarding price of jute seeds and this will continue till completion of crop or even throughout the year to disseminate important news relating to jute sector. 4. Distribution of certified jute seeds: This year MoT has fixed a target of 900 MT of certified jute seeds out of which 700 MT of JRO-204 and 200 MT of JBO: 2003H of new variety developed by CRIJAF. It is informed by CRIJAF that JRO 204 can be sown after 15th March 2018.Distribution of sowing equipments: to the plaoi. This year considering 50″/0 subsidy by MoT, Govt. of India, seed will provide Lir ille IFS RS.40t- per k.g. for both the variety. i) [Vitali Row st.bed I ink! sowing by multi row seed drill is an improved practice of sowing in ∎vhich equil s•e(Is is half or even less than that required for conventional broadcasting conventionalbroadcasting in sowing and gives better yield of fibre. practice 01 sowing jute seed. Row to row spacing in line sowing is maintained at 25-30 cm. while plant to plant spacing is 5-7 cm. This reduces labour cost for thinning and weeding in comparison to that for ii) Single Wheel Jute Weeder: Jute cultivation in rainy season is prone to heavy weed growth. The operation-wise cost is about 35% on manual weeding and thinning. Weed management in jute by Single Wheel Jute Weeder in inter-rows controls the weeds, conserve soil moisture, enhance soil aeration particularly in heavy textured soil and reduces the labour cost significantly.
With the idea of initiating farmers’ interest in using these machines and adopting to the ease and benefits of this new application and method the 750 Nos. of machines will be given free of cost in March-April 2018 i.e. for the crop season 2018-19 with limited number for demonstration and uses.
6. Distribution of CRIJAF SONA:For optimisation of retting protocol a microbial consortium developed by CR1.1AF and named as `SONA’ will be distributed to farmers free of cost. Orientation programme will also be arranged for farmers on use of the microbes and getting best result out of it. 750 MT CRIJAF SONA will distribute free of cost to the registered farmers.
7. Training of farmers on use of Seed drill, Single Wheel Jute Weeder and CRIJAF SONA for retting: CRIJAF will carry out the training at fixed places and also develop lead users who would transmit the usage protocol to further areas so as reach all the farmers concerned.
8. Quality evaluation of jute fibers obtained from conventional retting as well as retting with CRIJAF SONA for comparison by renowned institute of IJT/ IJIRANIRJAFT/1CAR.

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